Anesthesia for Neurosurgery - Preoperative Considerations for Neurosurgic Procedures
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Intracranial compliance may be decreased by intracranial mass lesions (e.g., tumor, hematoma, or abscess). Surrounding normal brain tissue may be compressed, leading to blood–brain barrier compromise, cerebral edema, and loss of cerebral autoregulation. Signs and symptoms of increased ICP are discussed in section I.C.3.