Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm
Reflex bronchiolar constriction
Reflex bronchiolar constriction may be centrally mediated or may be a local response to airway irritation. Bronchospasm is common in anaphylactoid or anaphylactic drug and blood transfusion reactions as well as in cigarette smokers and those with chronic bronchitis. Like laryngospasm, bronchospasm may be elicited by noxious stimuli such as secretions and endotracheal intubation.
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Pino, Richard M., editor. "Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm." Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, 9th ed., Wolters Kluwer, 2019. Anesthesia Central, anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/ClinicalAnesthesiaProcedures/728250/all/Intra_anesthetic_Problems___Bronchospasm.
Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm. In: Pino RMR, ed. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/ClinicalAnesthesiaProcedures/728250/all/Intra_anesthetic_Problems___Bronchospasm. Accessed June 2, 2023.
Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm. (2019). In Pino, R. M. (Ed.), Clinical Anesthesia Procedures (9th ed.). Wolters Kluwer. https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/ClinicalAnesthesiaProcedures/728250/all/Intra_anesthetic_Problems___Bronchospasm
Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm [Internet]. In: Pino RMR, editors. Clinical Anesthesia Procedures. Wolters Kluwer; 2019. [cited 2023 June 02]. Available from: https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/ClinicalAnesthesiaProcedures/728250/all/Intra_anesthetic_Problems___Bronchospasm.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Intra-anesthetic Problems - Bronchospasm ID - 728250 ED - Pino,Richard M, BT - Clinical Anesthesia Procedures UR - https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/ClinicalAnesthesiaProcedures/728250/all/Intra_anesthetic_Problems___Bronchospasm PB - Wolters Kluwer ET - 9 DB - Anesthesia Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -