Anesthesia for Pediatric Surgery - Pharmacotherapy
Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Davis’s Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals. Explore these free sample topics:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
Nonopioid pharmacotherapeutic agents can be used as sole or adjuvant therapy for the treatment of pain. Common medications include the following:
- Acetaminophen 10 to 15 mg/kg PO (IV administration is also 10 to 15 mg/kg) and 30 to 45 mg PR. Daily dosing should not exceed 75 mg/kg for children, 60 mg/kg for neonates, and 45 mg/kg for preterm infants.
- Ketorolac given 0.5 mg/kg IV or IM (given q6h). Caution is used in patients less than 2 years old.
- Additional agents include ketamine, gabapentin, dexmedetomidine, clonidine, and magnesium.