olive

General

Complementary/Alternative Medicine: This monograph describes a natural or herbal product that is not subject to FDA guidelines for medicines. Patients and clinicians are advised to read package labels carefully to ensure safe and efficacious use.

Pronunciation:
o-liv


Trade Name(s)

  • Extra Virgin Olive Oil
  • Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
  • Omega-9 Fatty Acids

Ther. Class.
antihypertensives
cardioprotective agents
laxatives

Common Uses

  • Constipation.
  • Cardiovascular disease.
  • Hyperlipidemia.
  • Hypertension.

Action

Phenols present in olive oil have antioxidant, vasodilating, and antiplatelet properties. Olive oil also improves endothelial tissue function and decreases LDL cholesterol's contribution to atherogenesis in patients with hypercholesterolemia.

Therapeutic Effect(s):

  • Decreased BP.
  • Decreased total cholesterol levels.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown

Distribution: Unknown

Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown

Half-life: Unknown

TIME/ACTION PROFILE

ONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknownunknownunknown

Contraindication/Precautions

Contraindicated in:

  • None.

Use Cautiously in:

  • Pregnancy and lactation (avoid using in amounts greater than those found in foods)
  • Diabetes.

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Derm: contact dermatitis (topical)

* CAPITALS indicate life-threatening.
Underline indicate most frequent.

Interactions

Natural Drug Interaction

  • May have additive hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic agents.
  • May have additive hypotensive effects with antihypertensive agents.

Natural-Natural:

  • May have additive hypoglycemic effects with herbs that decrease blood glucose levels includingdevil's clawfenugreekgarlicginsengandpsyllium.
  • May have additive hypotensive effects with herbs that ↓ BP includingcoenzyme Q-10fish oilL-argininecat's clawandstinging nettle.

Route/Dosage

PO: (Adults) Constipation–30 mL of oil; Hypertension–30–40 grams/day; Hyperlipidemia–23 grams/day (2 tablespoons); Reduction of risk of first myocardial infarction–54 grams/day.

Availability

Oil

Leaf

Fruit pulp

Assessment

  • Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
    • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced
  • Obtain a diet history, especially with regard to fat consumption.

Lab Test Considerations:

Monitor serum cholesterol levels before and periodically during therapy.

Potential Diagnoses

Implementation

  • PO: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advice female patient to avoid taking more than is in normal food intake. Notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Soft, formed bowel movement when used for constipation.
  • Reduction in serum cholesterol levels.
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