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Encephalitis

Encephalitis is a topic covered in the Guide to Diagnostic Tests.

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Organism

Encephalitis

Arboviruses (California encephalitis group, St. Louis encephalitis, eastern and western equine encephalitis, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus in summer and fall), enteroviruses (coxsackie, echo, polio), HSV (10–20%), Bartonella henselae , lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, tick-borne encephalitis virus, measles, rubella, VZV, HHV-6, rabies (Central and South America, India, Africa), Nipah virus (Malaysia), Chikungunya virus (India and Nepal), Creutzfeldt-Jakob.

Immunocompromised: CMV, VZV, EBV, West Nile virus, JC virus, HIV, Toxoplasma gondii.

Note the increasing recognition of antibody-mediated autoimmune encephalitis as cause of acute encephalitis. In studies of acute encephalitis, 40–50% of patients had infectious cause, 20% had immune-mediated cause including anti-NMDAR (N-methyl-D-asparte receptor) encephalitis and anti-voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) encephalitis, and 30% remained of unknown cause.

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Citation

McPhee, Stephen J., et al. "Encephalitis." Guide to Diagnostic Tests, 7th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2017. Anesthesia Central, anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/GDT/619323/all/Encephalitis.
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Encephalitis. Guide to Diagnostic Tests. 7th ed. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/GDT/619323/all/Encephalitis. Accessed April 24, 2019.
McPhee, S. J., Lu, C. M., & Nicoll, D. (2017). Encephalitis. In Guide to Diagnostic Tests. Available from https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/GDT/619323/all/Encephalitis
McPhee SJ, Lu CM, Nicoll D. Encephalitis [Internet]. In: Guide to Diagnostic Tests. McGraw-Hill Education; 2017. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/GDT/619323/all/Encephalitis.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Encephalitis ID - 619323 A1 - McPhee,Stephen J, AU - Lu,Chuanyi Mark, AU - Nicoll,Diana, BT - Guide to Diagnostic Tests UR - https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/GDT/619323/all/Encephalitis PB - McGraw-Hill Education ET - 7 DB - Anesthesia Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -