Rickettsial Diseases

Rickettsial Diseases is a topic covered in the Pocket ICU Management.

To view the entire topic, please or .

Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Davis’s Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals. Explore these free sample topics:

-- The first section of this topic is shown below --

First Things First

  • Decision to start treatment is based on epidemiologic and clinical findings.
  • Do not wait for diagnostic test results to come back before initiating treatment, or else you might wait days, thereby losing precious time and delaying potentially life-saving treatment.
  • The most virulent of the bugs are R. rickettsii, which causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and R. prowazekii, which causes epidemic typhus.
  • Before antibiotic era, mortality was 25%.
  • Current mortality is 3-5%, attributable to incorrect diagnosis or delayed antibiotic treatment.
  • Survey the skin to look for the tick bite.
  • The classic trio is:
    • Fever
    • Rash
    • Tick bite
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a misnomer. Cases have been reported in every state except Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, and Vermont.

-- To view the remaining sections of this topic, please or --

First Things First

  • Decision to start treatment is based on epidemiologic and clinical findings.
  • Do not wait for diagnostic test results to come back before initiating treatment, or else you might wait days, thereby losing precious time and delaying potentially life-saving treatment.
  • The most virulent of the bugs are R. rickettsii, which causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and R. prowazekii, which causes epidemic typhus.
  • Before antibiotic era, mortality was 25%.
  • Current mortality is 3-5%, attributable to incorrect diagnosis or delayed antibiotic treatment.
  • Survey the skin to look for the tick bite.
  • The classic trio is:
    • Fever
    • Rash
    • Tick bite
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a misnomer. Cases have been reported in every state except Alaska, Hawaii, Maine, and Vermont.

There's more to see -- the rest of this entry is available only to subscribers.

Last updated: April 30, 2010