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Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease

Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease is a topic covered in the Pocket ICU Management.

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Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Davis’s Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals. Explore these free sample topics:

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First Things First (assess for & treat the following):

  • Is pt hemodynamically stable?
    • Vital signs, including bilateral pulses, BP & pulsus paradoxus
    • Pulse oximetry or ABG
    • Consider invasive monitoring (PA catheter, arterial line) to help establish the diagnosis as well as direct therapy.
  • Ensure adequate volume resuscitation.
  • Does pt have pulmonary edema?
    • If yes, then a pericardial etiology is unlikely.
  • Does pt have a predisposing condition for tamponade or other pericardial disease?
    • Recent cardiac surgery or trauma, neoplastic disease, recent viral infection or TB, uremia, history of mantle irradiation
  • Consider aortic dissection causing tamponade.
  • Consider acute MI & PE in any pt w/ chest pain.

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Last updated: April 12, 2010


"Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease." Pocket ICU Management, PocketMedicine.com, Inc, 2010. Anesthesia Central, anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/Pocket-ICU-Management/534184/all/Cardiac_Tamponade_and_Pericardial_Disease.
Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease. Pocket ICU Management. PocketMedicine.com, Inc; 2010. https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/Pocket-ICU-Management/534184/all/Cardiac_Tamponade_and_Pericardial_Disease. Accessed April 18, 2019.
Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease. (2010). In Pocket ICU Management. Available from https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/Pocket-ICU-Management/534184/all/Cardiac_Tamponade_and_Pericardial_Disease
Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease [Internet]. In: Pocket ICU Management. PocketMedicine.com, Inc; 2010. [cited 2019 April 18]. Available from: https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/Pocket-ICU-Management/534184/all/Cardiac_Tamponade_and_Pericardial_Disease.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Cardiac Tamponade and Pericardial Disease ID - 534184 Y1 - 2010/04/12/ BT - Pocket ICU Management UR - https://anesth.unboundmedicine.com/anesthesia/view/Pocket-ICU-Management/534184/all/Cardiac_Tamponade_and_Pericardial_Disease PB - PocketMedicine.com, Inc DB - Anesthesia Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -