Toxin Exposure: Insecticides, Herbicides, Rodenticides

Toxin Exposure: Insecticides, Herbicides, Rodenticides is a topic covered in the Pocket ICU Management.

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Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Davis’s Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals. Explore these free sample topics:

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First Things First (assess & treat for the following)

  • ABCs
  • Airway: controlling secretions, mental status. If airway is compromised, intubate.
  • Breathing: if hypoxic, O2 supplementation. If respiratory failure, intubate.
  • Circulation: weak pulses, hypotension. Treat with fluids and/or pressors.
  • Seizures: treat with benzodiazepines.
  • Coma: intubate, IV access, and place on monitor
  • Immediate and vigorous decontamination
  • Insecticides: respiratory failure, bradycardia
    • Organophosphates
    • Carbamates
    • Organochlorines
    • Pyrethrins
  • Herbicides: skeletal muscle toxicity could lead to respiratory failure and/or rhabdomyolysis
    • Chlorophenoxy herbicides
    • Bipyridyl herbicides
      • Paraquat
      • Diquat
    • Urea-substitute herbicides
    • Organophosphorus herbicides

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Last updated: May 20, 2010