Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. This collection of drug, procedures and test information is derived from Davis’s Drug, MGH Clinical Anesthesia Procedures, Pocket Guide to Diagnostic Tests, and MEDLINE Journals. Explore these free sample topics:
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First Things First (assess & treat for the following)
- This chapter will deal primarily with human infection with avian influenza A (H5N1) virus.
- Classic presentation of avian influenza (AI): teenager with severe pneumonia that progresses rapidly to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Risk factor for AI is handling of sick poultry within a week of illness onset, although AI has been reported in areas without a known population of affected poultry.
- Human-to-human transmission of AI is rare.
- Use full barrier precautions (standard, contact, airborne, and eye protection) for patients with suspected or confirmed AI (H5N1).
- N95 mask has a tight fit.
- Consider higher level of respiratory protection, such as powered air-purifying respirator, for procedures with significant aerosol generation such as tracheal intubation.
- Contact local public health officials if you suspect the diagnosis.